Today, as we take a day off of work and celebrate the 4th of July with our friends and family, maybe enjoy a little barbeque, some swimming and of course fireworks... we are reminded of all things American. There's our founding fathers, the Declaration of Independence, and that memorable year of 1776.
It's so memorable that after the attacks on 9/11 and the collapse of the World Trade Center's twin towers, the planners of the project to rebuild the site and restore the skyline of lower Manhattan chose 1,776 feet to be the height of the new building that would stand as the project's centerpiece. Nicknamed the Freedom Tower, it is meant to stand as a symbol of America's power, strength, freedom and ability to bounce back as a nation.
So, how tall is the Freedom Tower?
It's 1,776 feet... right???
The truth is, it all depends on how you look at it.
If you were to google "how tall is the Freedom Tower," you'd actually get two heights. Go ahead, try it real quick. I'll wait...
You see, there are two heights - one is 1,776 ft. and the other is 1,792 ft. Why are there two heights and which one is correct?
The task of measuring a building's height is far from simple, contains quite a few variables and is actually calculated in a number of different ways. Technically, both measurements are right.
Let me explain.
For starters, there is an organization called the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) and they are known as the authority when it comes to the heights of skyscrapers.
They actually have three different ways of measuring a skyscraper:
- Height to the Architectural Top
- Highest Occupied Floor
- Height to tip
The first of these measurements is the what you generally see when a building's height is listed. If you've ever seen charts or pictures showing the tallest buildings in the world, they are all judged by the height to their "architectual top."
So... what is the architectual top?
The CTBUH says, "the architectural top of the building, including spires, but not including antennae, signage, flag poles or other functional-technical equipment."
By that standard, the Freedom Tower is 1,776 feet tall.
The second standard of "the highest occupied floor" is obviously lower and is measured at 1,268 ft. which happens to be lower than the Willis Tower in Chicago which has a highest occupied floor height of 1,354 ft.
Finally, the "height to tip" (which is what I'd naturally assume is the most recognized figure) is where the second figure in the google search comes from and for the Freedom Tower is listed at 1,792 ft.
There you have it. According to the CTBUH all skyscrapers have three height measurements and they are all correct,
However if you want to get technical there's the issues of fluctuations in the building, it settling with the added weight of tenants moving in, masts that allow sway, contraction and expansion and end up changing length, etc.
Again, I ask...
How tall is the Freedom Tower?
I'll just leave that up to you to decide.
HAPPY 4TH OF JULY!